Georg Wilhelm von Brandenburg

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Dzimšanas datums:
13.11.1595
Miršanas datums:
01.12.1640
Pirmslaulību (cits) uzvārds:
Hohenzollern
Papildu vārdi:
William, Georgs Vilhelms
Kategorijas:
Grāfs, Hercogs
Tautība:
 vācietis
Kapsēta:
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George William, of the Hohenzollern dynasty, was margrave and elector of Brandenburgand duke of Prussia from 1619 until his death. His reign was marked by ineffective governance during the Thirty Years' War.

He was the father of Frederick William, the "Great Elector".

Born in Cölln on the Spree, George William was the son of John Sigismund, Margrave of Brandenburg and Anna of Prussia. His maternal grandfather wasAlbert Frederick, Duke of Prussia.  

In 1616 George William married Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate. Their only son Frederick William later became known as the "Great Elector".

Of his two daughters, the eldest, Louise Charlotte, married Jacob Kettler, Duke of Courland, and the younger, Hedwig Sophie, married William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.

 

In 1619 George William inherited the Margravate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia. He paid his feudal homage in person to the King of Poland,Zygmunt Waza, in September 1621 in Warsaw (the Duchy of Prussia was a fief of the Kingdom of Poland at the time). The homage was renewed in 1633 after the election of a new Polish king, Władysław IV Waza.

During the Thirty Years' War, George William tried to remain neutral between the Roman Catholic forces of the Holy Roman Empire and the Protestantprincipalities. As his sister Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg was queen of Sweden, George William had to maneuver between requests of assistance from his Protestant brother-in-law King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and his own Protestant counsellors on one side and his Catholic chancellor Count Adam von Schwarzenberg on the other.

Despite his attempts at neutrality, George William was forced by Gustavus Adolphus to join the Protestant forces in 1631.

His rule was largely weak and ineffective, as much of government responsibilities in Brandenburg-Prussia was turned over to Schwarzenberg as the country suffered greatly during the war. Protestant and Catholic troops alike burned and plundered the region and the population was decimated there as it was throughout the German states.

With his brother-in-law Gustavus dead in 1632, George William maintained the Swedish alliance until after the Swedish defeat at the Battle of Nordlingen on 6 September 1634. At that point, George William withdrew Brandenburg from the war and signed the Peace of Prague with Emperor Ferdinand II on 30 May 1635.

Leaving Schwarzenberg in charge of the government, George William withdrew in 1637 to the relatively safe region of the Duchy of Prussia, where he lived in retirement until his death at Königsberg in 1640.

Avoti: wikipedia.org

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        Saiknes

        Saistītās personas vārdsSaitesDzimšanas datumsMiršanas datumsApraksts
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        2Luīze KetlereLuīze KetlereMeita13.09.161729.08.1676
        3Jēkabs KetlersJēkabs KetlersZnots28.10.161001.01.1682
        4Frīdrihs KetlersFrīdrihs KetlersMazdēls06.07.165022.01.1698
        5Frīdrihs I  HohencolernsFrīdrihs I HohencolernsMazdēls11.07.165725.02.1713
        6Ferdinands KetlersFerdinands KetlersMazdēls01.11.165504.05.1737
        7Elisabeth Sophie  of BrandenburgElisabeth Sophie of BrandenburgMazmeita05.04.167422.11.1746
        8
        Luīza Elizabete fon HesenMazmeita23.08.164616.12.1690
        9Marija Amēlija Anna fon KurlandMarija Amēlija Anna fon KurlandMazmeita12.06.165316.06.1711
        10Wilhelm VIII von Hessen-KasselWilhelm VIII von Hessen-KasselMazmazdēls10.03.168201.02.1760
        11Maximilian  von Hessen-KasselMaximilian von Hessen-KasselMazmazdēls28.05.168908.05.1753
        12Albrehts Frīdrihs fon Branderburgs ŠvedtsAlbrehts Frīdrihs fon Branderburgs ŠvedtsMazmazdēls24.01.167221.06.1731
        13Frederick I of SwedenFrederick I of SwedenMazmazdēls17.04.167625.03.1751
        14Fridrihs III KetlersFridrihs III KetlersMazmazdēls19.07.169221.01.1711
        15Marie Louise Hesse-Kassel, LandgravineMarie Louise Hesse-Kassel, LandgravineMazmazmeita07.02.168809.04.1765
        16
        Marija Doroteja fon Brandenburga ŠvedteMazmazmeita00.00.168400.00.1743

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