Soviet genocide. Karachai deportations en masse. 71,869 Karachais deported
In 1943 and 1944, the Balkars and Karachais were deported en masse to Siberia, as were the Chechens, Ingush and Kalmyks. All groups were accused of "collaboration with the Nazis".
After the deportation, as happened to the other victims, the Balkars and Karachais were stripped of all political recognition of their territories. The Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic ASSR was made the Kabardian ASSR, while the Karachay Autonomous Oblast was completely wiped of the map and partitioned into territories given to the Stavropol Krai and Krasnodar krai.
The account of the NKVD (the organization guilty of the deportation), the following statistics were given:
- In total, 724,297 people were sent to Central Asia (Siberia and Kazakhstan) in the airless freight trains (others, such as the Chechen aul of Khaibakh, were massacred en masse instead)
- Peoples deported were 39,407 Balkars, 71,869 Karachai, 412,548 Chechens, 96,327 Ingush, and 104,146 Kalmyks
- According to the NKVD, the average death rate of those deported was about 23.5% (144,704 people)
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