Louis III

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Людвиг III Гессенский
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Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzog Ludwig III von Hessen und bei Rhein; 9 June 1806, Darmstadt – 13 June 1877, Seeheim) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877.


He was the son of Grand Duke Louis II of Hesse and his consort Wilhelmine of Baden. He succeeded as Grand Duke in 1848 upon the abdication of his father during the March Revolution in the German states.

During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Louis sent word more than once to Queen Victoria, mother-in-law of his nephew and successor Louis, appealing to her to reason on his behalf with the King of Prussia, "in the same sense I had already written before, but it would be utterly useless."

He was succeeded by his nephew, Louis IV, on 13 June 1877, as his brother Charles (Louis' father) had already died three months previously, in March.


In Munich, on 26 December 1833, he married Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria. The marriage produced no children and the Grand Duke remarried, morganatically, in 1868 to Magdalene Appel who was created Baroness of Hochstädten.

Source: wikipedia.org

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Людвиг II Гессен-Дармштадтский и ПрирейнскийЛюдвиг II Гессен-Дармштадтский и ПрирейнскийFather26.12.177716.06.1848
        2Wilhelmine   Baden, PrincessWilhelmine Baden, PrincessMother21.09.178827.01.1836
        3Карл ГессенскийКарл ГессенскийBrother23.04.180920.03.1877
        4Maria  AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaSister08.08.182403.06.1880
        5Матильда Каролина БаварскаяМатильда Каролина БаварскаяWife30.08.181325.05.1862
        6Карл  Великий герцог БаденскийКарл Великий герцог БаденскийUncle08.06.178608.12.1818
        7Elizabeth  AlexeievnaElizabeth AlexeievnaAunt24.01.177916.05.1826
        8Alexander IIIAlexander IIINephew10.03.184501.11.1894
        9Владимир АлександровичВладимир АлександровичNephew10.04.184704.02.1909
        10Сергей АлександровичСергей АлександровичNephew11.05.185717.02.1905
        11Paul  AlexandrovichPaul AlexandrovichNephew03.10.186030.01.1919
        12Сергей  РомановСергей РомановNephew11.05.185717.02.1905
        13Louis IVLouis IVNephew12.09.183713.03.1892
        14Maria AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaNiece17.10.185324.10.1920
        15Ludwig I  of BavariaLudwig I of BavariaFather in-law25.08.178629.02.1868
        16Therese of Saxe-HildburghausenTherese of Saxe-HildburghausenMother in-law08.07.179226.10.1854
        17Елизавета ПрусскаяЕлизавета ПрусскаяSister in-law18.06.181521.03.1885
        18Prince AdalbertPrince AdalbertBrother in-law19.07.182821.09.1875
        19Alexander IIAlexander IIBrother in-law29.04.181813.03.1881
        20Жозефина БаденскаяЖозефина БаденскаяCousin21.10.181319.06.1900

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