Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzog Ludwig III von Hessen und bei Rhein; 9 June 1806, Darmstadt – 13 June 1877, Seeheim) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877.
He was the son of Grand Duke Louis II of Hesse and his consort Wilhelmine of Baden. He succeeded as Grand Duke in 1848 upon the abdication of his father during the March Revolution in the German states.
During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Louis sent word more than once to Queen Victoria, mother-in-law of his nephew and successor Louis, appealing to her to reason on his behalf with the King of Prussia, "in the same sense I had already written before, but it would be utterly useless."
He was succeeded by his nephew, Louis IV, on 13 June 1877, as his brother Charles (Louis' father) had already died three months previously, in March.
In Munich, on 26 December 1833, he married Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria. The marriage produced no children and the Grand Duke remarried, morganatically, in 1868 to Magdalene Appel who was created Baroness of Hochstädten.
|Relation name||Relation type||Description|
|1||Людвиг II Гессен-Дармштадтский и Прирейнский||Father|
|2||Wilhelmine Baden, Princess||Mother|
|5||Матильда Каролина Баварская||Wife|
|6||Карл Великий герцог Баденский||Uncle|
|15||Ludwig I of Bavaria||Father in-law|
|16||Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen||Mother in-law|
|17||Елизавета Прусская||Sister in-law|
|18||Prince Adalbert||Brother in-law|
|19||Alexander II||Brother in-law|
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