Jeremy Brett

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Dzimšanas datums:
03.11.1933
Miršanas datums:
12.09.1995
Pirmslaulību (cits) uzvārds:
Peter Jeremy William Huggins
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Jeremy Brett (born Peter Jeremy William Huggins; 3 November 1933 – 12 September 1995), was an English actor, probably best known for playing the famous, fictional detective Sherlock Holmes in four Granada TV seriesfrom 1984 to 1994 in all 41 episodes. His career spanned from stage, to television and film, to Shakespeare and musical theatre. He is also remembered for playing the besotted Freddie Eynsford-Hill in the Warner Bros. 1964 production of My Fair Lady. Brett once said that "Holmes is the hardest part I have ever played - harder than Hamlet or Macbeth..."

Height1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)

Spouse(s)

- Anna Massey (m. 1958-1962, divorced)
- Joan Wilson (m. 1976-1985, her death)

Early life

Jeremy Brett was born Peter Jeremy William Huggins at Berkswell Grange in Berkswell, West Midlands. His birthdate is given variously as either 3 November 1933, December 1933 or many sources give 1935, although this was probably a later vanity claim to reduce his public age. He was the son of Lieutenant Colonel Henry William Huggins, an Army officer and Elizabeth Edith Cadbury (of the confectionary dynasty). He had three older brothers: John, Patrick and Michael. Educated at Eton College, he claimed to have been an "academic disaster," attributing his learning difficulties to dyslexia.

Although he eventually developed precisely honed diction, he was born with "rhotacism," a speech impediment which prevented him from pronouncing the "R" sound correctly. He underwent corrective surgery as a teenager and followed it with years of practising. Much later he claimed that he practised all of his speech exercises daily, whether he was working or not.

However, while at Eton he excelled at singing and was a member of the college choir. He trained at the Central School of Speech and Drama in London, graduating in 1954, but his father had demanded that he change his name for the sake of family honour, so he took his stage name from the label of his first suit, "Brett & Co."

In 1959, whilst playing Hamlet, his mother was killed in a car crash in the Welsh mountains. This had a tremendous effect on Brett. He later on in life talked about the accident and its impact in him and consequently his performance; "my mother had been killed savagely in a car accident in 1959, and I was very angry about that, because my son, when she was killed, was only three months old. There was anger - it was interesting... there was anger in me. And I think that came through. I felt cheated - I felt my mother had been cheated - the rage of that came through". He couldn't believe the circumstances and went on to say "I was very rough on my mother [Gertrude], I think. I mean physically rough, in the play" as he channeled his anger into his performance.

Career

Stage and screen

Brett made his professional acting debut in rep at the Library Theatre in Manchester in 1954, and his London stage debut with the Old Vic company in Troilus and Cressida in 1956. He made his first appearance in a major film with War and Peace (1956), which starred Audrey Hepburn.

Also in 1956, he appeared on Broadway as the Duke of Aumerle in Richard II. In 1959, he played the part of Hamlet, however on reflection, in a BBC2 television documentary 'Playing the Dane', Brett later said that "I don't think I was very good as Hamlet. I think I was too young. I was too young intellectually. I was too young philosophically. I was Byronic. I was very handsome. I had qualities, but I'd much rather see other people's [version]. I wasn't convinced by me". The respected theatre critic Harold Hobson wrote of Brett's portrayal that "the incestuous bed was the centre of his performance". He played many classical roles on stage, including about a dozen Shakespearean parts at the Old Vic, in New York and four while Brett was a member of the National Theatre Company from 1967 to 1970.

From the early 1960s, Brett was often on British television. He starred in several serials, including as D'Artagnan in an adaptation of The Three Musketeers(1966). His highest profile film appearance was as Freddie Eynsford-Hill in My Fair Lady (1964), which reunited him with Audrey Hepburn. Although Brett could still sing, as he later demonstrated when he played Danilo in a BBC Television broadcast of The Merry Widow (Christmas Day 1968), the top notes were dubbed as he originally sang them quietly so as to not wake the street (Wogan Interview, 1988).

Some of his appearances were in classical comedic roles, such as Captain Absolute in a television version of The Rivals(1970) and Bassanio in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice (1970) in a National Theatre Company production directed by Jonathan Miller, which also featured Laurence Olivier (as Shylock) and Joan Plowright (as Portia). This was adapted for television in 1973 with the same three leads. Brett joked that, as an actor, he was rarely allowed into the 20th century and never into the present day. He did though appear in a few contemporary guest roles, in a couple of the ITCseries such as The Baron (1967) and The Champions (1969), wherein he was cast as swarthy, smooth villains. Brett also appeared in The Incredible Hulk ("Of Guilt, Models and Murder", 1977) and starred as Maxim in the 1979 adaptation ofDaphne du Maurier's Rebecca opposite Joanna David.

Jeremy Brett's final, posthumous film appearance was an uncredited bit part as the artist's father in Moll Flanders, a 1996 Hollywood feature film starring Robin Wright Penn in the title role. The film (not to be confused with the 1996 ITV adaptation starring Alex Kingston) was released nearly a year after Brett's death.

Sherlock Holmes

Although Brett appeared in many different roles during his 40-year career, he is best remembered for his performance asSherlock Holmes in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, a series of Granada Television films made between 1984 and 1994. These were adapted by John Hawkesworth and other writers from the original stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Even though he reportedly feared being typecast, Brett appeared in 41 episodes of the Granada series, alongside David Burke and, latterly, Edward Hardwicke as Dr Watson.

After taking on the demanding role ("Holmes is the hardest part I have ever played — harder than Hamlet or Macbeth"[9]) Brett made few other acting appearances, and he is now widely considered to be the definitive Holmes of his era, just asBasil Rathbone was during the 1940s. Brett had previously played Doctor Watson on stage opposite Charlton Heston as Holmes in the 1980 Los Angeles production of The Crucifer of Blood, making him one of only four actors to play both Holmes and Watson professionally.

Brett had been approached in February 1982 by Granada TV to play Holmes. The idea was to make a totally authentic and faithful adaptation of the character's best cases. Eventually Brett accepted the role. He wanted to be the bestSherlock Holmes the world had ever seen.[13] He conducted extensive research on the great detective and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle himself, and was very attentive to discrepancies between the scripts he had been given and Conan Doyle's original stories.[14] One of Brett's dearest possessions on the set was his 77-page "Baker Street File" on everything from Holmes' mannerisms to his eating and drinking habits. Brett once explained that "some actors are becomers — they try to become their characters. When it works, the actor is like a sponge, squeezing himself dry to remove his own personality, then absorbing the character's like a liquid".

Brett was obsessed with bringing more passion to the role of Holmes. He introduced Holmes' rather eccentric hand gestures and short violent laughter. He would hurl himself on the ground just to look for a footprint, "he would leap over the furniture or jump onto the parapet of a bridge with no regard for his personal safety."

Holmes' obsessive and depressive personality fascinated and frightened Brett. In many ways Holmes' personality resembled the actor's own, with outbursts of passionate energy followed by periods of lethargy. It became difficult for him to let go of Holmes after work. He had always been told that the only way for an actor to stay sane was for him to leave his part behind at the end of the day, but Brett started dreaming about Holmes, and the dreams turned into nightmares.[17]Brett began to refer to Holmes as "You Know Who" or simply "HIM": "Watson describes You Know Who as a mind without a heart, which is hard to play. Hard to become. So what I have done is invent an inner life". Brett invented an imaginary life of Holmes to fill the hollowness of Holmes' "missing heart", his empty emotional life. He imagined: "...what You Know Who's nanny looked like. She was covered in starch. I don't think he saw his mother until he was about eight years old..." etc.[18] While the other actors disappeared to the canteen for lunch, Brett would sit alone on the set reading the script, looking at every nuance, reading Holmes in the weekends and on his holidays. A theatrical adaptation, The Secret of Sherlock Holmes, by Brett's friend playwright Jeremy Paul ran at Wyndham's Theatre in London's West End with Brett and Edward Hardwicke during 1988 and 1989; the production subsequently toured.

"Some actors fear if they play Sherlock Holmes for a very long run the character will steal their soul, leave no corner for the original inhabitant", he once said, but: "Holmes has become the dark side of the moon for me. He is moody and solitary and underneath I am really sociable and gregarious. It has all got too dangerous". In 2014 Brett was voted the Greatest Sherlock Holmes beating other portrayers such as Basil Rathbone, Robert Downey Jr, Benedict Cumberbatchand Rupert Everett.

Private life and health issues

On 24 May 1958 Brett married the actress Anna Massey (daughter of Raymond Massey). Their son, David Huggins, born in 1959, is a British cartoonist, illustrator and novelist. Brett and Massey divorced on 22 November 1962 after she claimed he left her for a man. From 1969 until 1976, Brett was in a romantic relationship with the actor Gary Bond, who died exactly one month after Brett's death. In the late 1970s, he was involved with actor Paul Shenar. In 1976, Brett married Joan Sullivan Wilson, who died of cancer in July 1985.

In the latter part of 1986, Brett exhibited wild mood swings that alarmed his family and friends, who persuaded him to seek diagnosis and treatment of manic depression. Brett was given lithium tablets to fight his manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder. He suspected that he would never be cured, and would have to live with his condition, look for the signs of his disorder, and then deal with it. He wanted to return to work, to play Holmes again.

The first episode to be produced after his discharge was a two-hour adaptation of The Sign of the Four in 1987. From then on the difference in Brett's appearance and behaviour slowly became more noticeable as the series developed. One of the side effects of the lithium tablets was fluid retention; he was putting on weight and retaining water. The drugs were also slowing him down. According to Edward Hardwicke, Brett smoked up to 60 cigarettes a day, which "didn't help his health."[30] He also had heart troubles. His heart was twice the normal size; he would have difficulties breathing and would need an oxygen mask on the set. "But, darlings, the show must go on", was his only comment.

During the last decade of his life, Brett was treated in hospital several times for his mental illness, and his health and appearance visibly deteriorated by the time he completed the later episodes of the Sherlock Holmes series. During his last years, he discussed the illness candidly, encouraging people to recognise its symptoms and seek help.

Death

Brett died on 12 September 1995 at his home in Clapham, London, from heart failure. His heart valves had been scarred by rheumatic fever contracted as a child. He was cremated in September 1995.

One of his elder brothers, John who was a minister, spoke at his youngest brother's memorial service on 29 November 1995.

Mel Gussow wrote in an obituary for The New York Times, "Mr. Brett was regarded as the quintessential Holmes: breathtakingly analytical, given to outrageous disguises and the blackest moods and relentless in his enthusiasm for solving the most intricate crimes."

Work

Stage

  • 1988 The Secret of Sherlock Holmes [Sherlock Holmes]   Wyndham's Theatre
  • 1985 Aren't We All? [Hon. William Tatham]   Brooks Atkinson Theatre
  • 1967 As You Like It [Orlando]   Royal National Theatre
  • 1964 The Deputy [Father Riccardo Fontana, S.J.]   Brooks Atkinson Theatre
  • 1961 Hamlet [Hamlet] Oxford Playhouse/Royal Strand Theatre
  • 1956 Troilus and Cressida [Troilus]   Winter Garden Theatre
  • 1956 Romeo and Juliet [Paris]   Winter Garden Theatre
  • 1956 Macbeth [Malcolm]   Winter Garden Theatre
  • 1956 King Richard II [Duke of Aumerle]   Winter Garden Theatre

Film

  • 1996 Moll Flanders
  • 1995 Mad Dogs and Englishmen
  • 1978 The Medusa Touch
  • 1971 Nicholas and Alexandra
  • 1964 Act of Reprisal
  • 1964 My Fair Lady
  • 1963 Girl in the Headlines
  • 1963 The Very Edge
  • 1962 The Wild and the Willing
  • 1956 War and Peace
  • 1954 Svengali

TV Movies

  • 1988 The Hound of the Baskervilles [Sherlock Holmes]
  • 1987 The Sign of Four [Sherlock Holmes]
  • 1985 Deceptions [Bryan Foxworth]
  • 1985 Florence Nightingale [William Nightingale]
  • 1984 Morte d'Arthur [King Arthur]
  • 1983 Number 10 [William Pitt the Younger]
  • 1982 The Barretts of Wimpole Street [Robert Browning]
  • 1981 The Good Soldier [Edward Ashburnham]
  • 1981 Macbeth [MacBeth]
  • 1981 Madame X [Dr. Terrence Keith]
  • 1975 The Prodigal Daughter [Father Daley]
  • 1974 Haunted: The Ferryman [Sheridan Owen]
  • 1973 The Merchant of Venice [Bassanio]
  • 1969 An Ideal Husband [Vicount Goring]
  • 1968 The Merry Widow
  • 1966 Chopin and George Sand - The Creative Years [Chopin]
  • 1962 Dinner with the Family
  • 1962 The Ghost Sonata [The Student]

Avoti: wikipedia.org

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