Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska

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Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska
Academician, Biologist, Independece fighter, Professor, WWII participant
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Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska (25 April 1925 – 13 March 2015) was a Polish paleobiologist. In the mid-1960s Kielan-Jaworowska led a series of Polish-Mongolian paleontological expeditions to the Gobi Desert. Kielan-Jaworowska was the first woman to serve on the executive committee of the International Union of Geological Sciences.

Early life and education

Kielan-Jaworowska's studies began in the aftermath of the Second World War: as Warsaw University's department of geology had been destroyed in 1939, she attended lectures in Roman Kozłowski's apartment. She subsequently earned a Master's degree in zoology and a paleontology doctorate at Warsaw University, where she later became a professor. She married Zbigniew Jaworowski, a professor of radiobiology, in 1958.

Paleobiologist career

Kielan-Jaworowska was employed by the Instytut Paleobiologii of the Polska Akademia Nauk. She held a number of functions in professional organizations in Poland and the United States, and was the first woman to serve on the executive committee of the International Union of Geological Sciences.

Kielan-Jaworowska's work included the study of Devonian and Ordovician trilobites from Central Europe (Poland and Czech Republic), leading several Polish-Mongolian paleontological expeditions to the Gobi Desert, and the discovery of new species of crocodiles, lizards, turtles, dinosaurs (notably Deinocheirus), birds and multituberculates. She is author of the book Hunting for Dinosaurs, and a coauthor of the book Mammals from the Age of Dinosaurs, the latter of which won her the prestigious Prize of the Foundation for Polish Science, in 2005.

She is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. She died at the age of 89 in 2015.

List of selected publications

  • — (1974). Hunting for dinosaurs. Cambridge: MIT Press. p. 178.
  • — (1979). "Pelvic structure and nature of reproduction in Multituberculata". Nature 277 (5695): 402–403.
  • Lillegraven, J. A., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Clemens, W. A. (eds.), Mesozoic Mammals. The First Two-thirds of Mammalian History. University of California Press, Berkeley: 99-149.
  • — (1980). "Absence of ptilodonoidean multituberculates in Asia and its paleogeographic implications". Lethaia 13 (2): 169–175.
  • — (2013). In pursuit of early mammals. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.
  • Fosse, G.; —; Skaale, S. G. (1985). "The microstructure of tooth enamel in multituberculate mammals". Palaeontology 28: 435–449.
  • —; Presley, R.; Poplin, C. (1986). "Cranial vascular system in taeniolabidoid multituberculate mammals". Transactions of the Royal Society of London , B. Biological Sciences 313 (1164): 525–602.
  • —; Dashzeveg, D.; Trofimov, B. A. (1987). "Early Cretaceous multituberculates from Asia and a comparison with British and North American Jurassic forms". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 32: 3–47.
  • —; Crompton, A. W.; Jenkins F. A. (1987). "The origin of egg laying mammals". Nature 326 (6116): 871–873.
  • Hopson, J. A.; —; Allin, E. F. (1989). "The cryptic jugal in multituberculates". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 9 (2): 201–209.
  • —; Nesov, L. A. (1990). "On the metatherian nature of the Deltatheroida, a sister group of the Marsupialia". Lethaia 23 (1): 1–10.
  • —; Ensom, P. (1992). "Multituberculate mammals from the Purbeck Limestone Formation (Late Jurassic) of Southern England". Palaeontology 36: 95–126.
  • Krause, D. W.; —; Bonaparte, J. F. (1992). "Ferugliotherium the first multituberculate from South America". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 12 (3): 351–376.
  • —; Ensom, P. C. (1994). "Tiny plagiaulacoid multituberculate mammals from the Purbeck Limestone Formation of Dorset, England". Palaeontology 37: 17–31.
  • — (1997). "Characters of multituberculates neglected in phylogenetic analyses of early mammals". Lethaia 29 (3): 249–266.
  • —; Cifelli, R.; Luo, Z. (1998). "Alleged Cretaceous placental from down under". Lethaia 31 (3): 267–268.
  • Luo: Z.-X.; Cifelli, R. L.; — (2001). "Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals". Nature 409 (6816): 53–57.
  • —; Hurum, J. H. (2001). "Phylogeny and systematics of multituberculate mammals". Palaeontology 44 (3): 389–429.
  • —; Cifelli, Richard L.; Zhe-Xi Luo (2004). Mammals from the age of dinosaurs : origins, evolution, and structure. New York: Columbia University Press.


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        01.08.1944 | Began the Warsaw Uprising

        The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: powstanie warszawskie) was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany. The rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union's Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces.[9] However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support. The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.

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