Nicholas I of Russia

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Birth Date:
06.07.1796
Death date:
18.02.1855
Extra names:
Mikołaj I Romanow, Николай I Павлович Романов, Николай I, Nikolajs I, Nokolajs Pavlovičs Romanovs, Николай Павлович Романов
Categories:
Emperor, Knyaz (Prince, Duke), Tsar (emperor)
Nationality:
 russian
Cemetery:
Grand Ducal Burial Vault

Nicholas I (Николай I Павлович, r Nikolai I Pavlovich; 6 July [O.S. 25 June] 1796 – 2 March [O.S. 18 February] 1855) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland. He is best known as a political conservative whose reign was marked by geographical expansion, repression of dissent, economic stagnation, poor administrative policies, a corrupt bureaucracy, and frequent wars that culminated in Russia's disastrous defeat in the Crimean War of 1853-56. His biographer Nicholas V. Riasanovsky says that Nicholas displayed determination, singleness of purpose, and an iron will, along with a powerful sense of duty and a dedication to very hard work. He saw himself as a soldier – a junior officer totally consumed by spit and polish. A handsome man, he was highly nervous and aggressive. Trained as an engineer, he was a stickler for minute detail. His reign had an ideology called "Official Nationality" that was proclaimed officially in 1833. It was a reactionary policy based on orthodoxy in religion, autocracy in government, and Russian nationalism.

He was the younger brother of his predecessor, Alexander I. Nicholas inherited his brother's throne despite the failed Decembrist revolt against him and went on to become the most reactionary of all Russian leaders. His aggressive foreign policy involved many expensive wars, having a disastrous effect on the empire's finances.

He was successful against Russia's neighbouring southern rivals as he seized the last territories in the Caucasus held by Persia (comprising modern day Armenia and Azerbaijan) by successfully ending the Russo-Persian War (1826–28). By now, Russia had gained what is now Dagestan, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia from Persia, and had therefore at last gained the clear upper hand in the Caucasus, both geo-politically as well as territorially. He ended the Russo-Turkish War (1828–29) successfully as well. Later on, however, he led Russia into the Crimean War (1853–56) with disastrous results. Historians emphasize that his micromanagement of the armies hindered his generals, as did his misguided strategy. Fuller notes that historians have frequently concluded that "the reign of Nicholas I was a catastrophic failure in both domestic and foreign policy." On the eve of his death, the Russian Empire reached its geographical zenith, spanning over 20 million square kilometers (7.7 million square miles), but in desperate need of reform.

Source: wikipedia.org, regiment.ru

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        Relations

        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Paul IPaul IFather01.10.175423.03.1801
        2Maria FeodorovnaMaria FeodorovnaMother14.10.175924.10.1828
        3Николай СтаршийНиколай СтаршийSon27.07.183113.04.1891
        4Alexander IIAlexander IISon29.04.181813.03.1881
        5Konstantin NikolayevichKonstantin NikolayevichSon21.09.182725.01.1892
        6Olga  NikolaevnaOlga NikolaevnaDaughter11.09.182230.10.1892
        7Grand Duchess Maria  Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of RussiaDaughter18.08.181921.02.1876
        8Alexander I of RussiaAlexander I of RussiaBrother12.12.177719.11.1825
        9Константин ПавловичКонстантин ПавловичBrother27.04.177915.06.1831
        10Михаил ПавловичМихаил ПавловичBrother08.02.179828.08.1849
        11Елена  ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаSister17.12.178424.09.1803
        12Анна ПавловнаАнна ПавловнаSister18.01.179501.03.1865
        13Maria  PavlovnaMaria PavlovnaSister04.02.178611.06.1859
        14Екатерина ПавловнаЕкатерина ПавловнаSister10.05.178809.01.1819
        15Александра ФёдоровнаАлександра ФёдоровнаWife13.07.179801.11.1860
        16Louis Württemberg, DukeLouis Württemberg, DukeUncle30.08.175620.09.1817
        17
        Anna PiotrownaAunt20.12.175716.03.1759
        18William IIIWilliam IIINephew19.02.181723.11.1890
        19Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFrancis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeNephew28.08.183721.01.1900
        20Karl Alexander August JohannKarl Alexander August JohannNephew24.06.181805.01.1901
        21Duke Peter  Georgievich of OldenburgDuke Peter Georgievich of OldenburgNephew26.08.181214.05.1881
        22
        Paul Alexander Karl Constantin Frederick AugustNephew25.09.180510.04.1806
        23Gustaw EhrenbergGustaw EhrenbergNephew14.02.181828.09.1895
        24Marie Luise Augusta KatharineMarie Luise Augusta KatharineNiece30.09.181107.01.1890
        25Marie Luise AlexandrineMarie Luise AlexandrineNiece03.02.180818.01.1877
        26Sophie Of the NetherlandsSophie Of the NetherlandsNiece08.04.182423.03.1897
        27Екатерина МихайловнаЕкатерина МихайловнаNiece16.08.182730.04.1894
        28Maximilian de  BeauharnaisMaximilian de BeauharnaisSon in-law02.10.181701.11.1852
        29Elisabeth  of Saxe-AltenburgElisabeth of Saxe-AltenburgDaughter in-law25.01.186524.03.1927
        30Catherine  DolgorukovCatherine DolgorukovDaughter in-law14.11.184715.02.1922
        31Maria  AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaDaughter in-law08.08.182403.06.1880
        32Александра ИосифовнаАлександра ИосифовнаDaughter in-law08.07.183006.07.1911
        33Duchess Alexandra  Petrovna of OldenburgDuchess Alexandra Petrovna of OldenburgDaughter in-law02.06.183825.04.1900
        34Olga  FeodorovnaOlga FeodorovnaDaughter in-law20.09.183912.04.1891
        35Елена ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаSister in-law28.12.180621.01.1873
        36Elizabeth  AlexeievnaElizabeth AlexeievnaBrother in-law24.01.177916.05.1826
        37Виллем IIВиллем IIBrother in-law06.12.179217.03.1849
        38Frederick  LouisFrederick LouisBrother in-law13.06.177829.11.1819
        39Георгий Петрович ОльденбургскийГеоргий Петрович ОльденбургскийBrother in-law00.00.178400.00.1812
        40Charles FrederickCharles FrederickBrother in-law02.02.178308.07.1853
        41Stanisław PoniatowskiStanisław PoniatowskiGrandfather17.01.173212.02.1798
        42Frederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeFrederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeGrandfather21.01.173223.12.1797
        43Peter IIIPeter IIIGrandfather21.02.172817.07.1762
        44Catherine the  GreatCatherine the GreatGrandmother02.05.172917.11.1796
        45Georgy  KonstantinovichGeorgy KonstantinovichGrandson23.04.190307.11.1938
        46Дмитрий Константинович РомановДмитрий Константинович РомановGrandson01.06.186030.01.1919
        47Gabriel RomanovGabriel RomanovGrandson15.07.188728.02.1955
        48Nicholas  MikhailovichNicholas MikhailovichGrandson14.04.185930.01.1919
        49Михаил Михайлович, Великий князьМихаил Михайлович, Великий князьGrandson16.10.186126.04.1929
        50Prince Ioann  Konstantinovich of RussiaPrince Ioann Konstantinovich of RussiaGrandson05.07.188618.07.1918
        51Alexander IIIAlexander IIIGrandson10.03.184501.11.1894
        52Великий князь Сергей МихайловичВеликий князь Сергей МихайловичGrandson07.10.186918.07.1918
        53Великий Князь Георгий МихайловичВеликий Князь Георгий МихайловичGrandson23.08.186330.01.1919
        54Сергей МихайловичСергей МихайловичGrandson25.09.186918.07.1918
        55Paul  AlexandrovichPaul AlexandrovichGrandson03.10.186030.01.1919
        56Grand Duke Alexander MikhailovichGrand Duke Alexander MikhailovichGrandson13.04.186626.02.1933
        57Igor  ConstantinovichIgor ConstantinovichGrandson29.05.189418.07.1918
        58Владимир АлександровичВладимир АлександровичGrandson10.04.184704.02.1909
        59Алексей МихайловичАлексей МихайловичGrandson28.12.187502.03.1895
        60Oleg  KonstantinovichOleg KonstantinovichGrandson15.11.189229.09.1914
        61Grand Duke Nicholas  Nikolaevich of RussiaGrand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of RussiaGrandson18.11.185605.01.1929
        62Сергей АлександровичСергей АлександровичGrandson11.05.185717.02.1905
        63Сергей  РомановСергей РомановGrandson11.05.185717.02.1905
        64Принц Николай ПетровичПринц Николай ПетровичGrandson09.05.184020.01.1886
        65князь Георгий Максимилианович Романовскийкнязь Георгий Максимилианович РомановскийGrandson29.02.185203.05.1912
        66Евгений Лейхтенбергский РомановскийЕвгений Лейхтенбергский РомановскийGrandson27.01.184718.08.1901
        67Константин КонстантиновичКонстантин КонстантиновичGrandson10.08.185802.06.1915
        68Николай КонстантиновичНиколай КонстантиновичGrandson14.02.185027.01.1918
        69Великий князь Пётр НиколаевичВеликий князь Пётр НиколаевичGrandson10.01.186417.06.1931
        70Анастасия МихайловнаАнастасия МихайловнаGranddaughter28.07.186011.03.1922
        71Maria AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaGranddaughter17.10.185324.10.1920
        72Olga  Constantinovna of RussiaOlga Constantinovna of RussiaGranddaughter03.09.185118.06.1926
        73Вера КонстантиновнаВера КонстантиновнаGranddaughter24.04.190611.01.2001
        74Карл Фридрих Гольштейн-ГотторпскийКарл Фридрих Гольштейн-ГотторпскийGreat grandfather
        75Анна ПетровнаАнна ПетровнаGreat grandmother27.01.170804.03.1728
        76Prince AlfredPrince AlfredGreat grandson15.10.187406.02.1899
        77Georg von MerenbergGeorg von MerenbergGreat grandson16.10.189711.01.1965
        78Boris  Wladimirowitsch RomanowBoris Wladimirowitsch RomanowGreat grandson24.11.187709.11.1943
        79Александрович МихаилАлександрович МихаилGreat grandson22.11.187813.06.1918
        80Prince Andrew of  Greece and DenmarkPrince Andrew of Greece and DenmarkGreat grandson02.02.188203.12.1944
        81Vladimir  PaleyVladimir PaleyGreat grandson09.01.189718.07.1918
        82Князь Никита АлександровичКнязь Никита АлександровичGreat grandson16.01.190012.09.1974
        83Князь Андрей АлександровичКнязь Андрей АлександровичGreat grandson24.01.189708.05.1981
        84Prince Christopher  of Greece and DenmarkPrince Christopher of Greece and DenmarkGreat grandson10.08.188821.01.1940
        85Andrei  VladimirovichAndrei VladimirovichGreat grandson02.05.187930.10.1956
        86Prince Vasili AlexandrovichPrince Vasili AlexandrovichGreat grandson07.07.190724.06.1989
        87Dmitri  PavlovichDmitri PavlovichGreat grandson06.09.189105.03.1942
        88Constantine I of GreeceConstantine I of GreeceGreat grandson02.08.186811.01.1923
        89Ростислав АлександровичРостислав АлександровичGreat grandson24.11.190231.07.1978
        90Дарья  БогарнэДарья БогарнэGreat grandson07.03.187005.11.1937
        91Nikolajs II RomanovsNikolajs II RomanovsGreat grandson19.05.186817.07.1918
        92Mikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovMikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovGreat grandson04.12.187813.06.1918
        93Prince Nicholas of  Greece and DenmarkPrince Nicholas of Greece and DenmarkGreat grandson22.01.187208.02.1938
        94Князь Дмитрий АлександровичКнязь Дмитрий АлександровичGreat grandson15.08.190107.07.1980
        95Кирилл ВладимировичКирилл ВладимировичGreat grandson12.10.187612.10.1938
        96Prince Nikita  Nikitich RomanovPrince Nikita Nikitich RomanovGreat grandson13.05.192303.05.2007
        97Александр ИскандерАлександр ИскандерGreat grandson15.11.188726.01.1957
        98Edward  VIIIEdward VIIIGreat grandson23.06.189428.05.1972
        99Князь Роман ПетровичКнязь Роман ПетровичGreat grandson17.10.189623.10.1978
        100Всеволод  РомановВсеволод РомановGreat grandson20.01.191418.06.1973
        101Ольга  РомановаОльга РомановаGreat granddaughter13.06.188224.11.1960
        102Марина  РомановаМарина РомановаGreat granddaughter11.03.189215.05.1981
        103Grand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGrand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGreat granddaughter17.03.188213.03.1957
        104Natalia PaleyNatalia PaleyGreat granddaughter05.12.190527.12.1981
        105Nadejda MountbattenNadejda MountbattenGreat granddaughter28.03.189622.01.1963
        106Великая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаВеликая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаGreat granddaughter06.04.187520.04.1960
        107Marie of RomaniaMarie of RomaniaGreat granddaughter29.10.187518.07.1938
        108Надежда  РомановаНадежда РомановаGreat granddaughter15.03.189821.04.1988
        109Alexandra  GeorgievnaAlexandra GeorgievnaGreat granddaughter30.08.187024.09.1891
        110Princess Xenia  Georgievna of RussiaPrincess Xenia Georgievna of RussiaGreat granddaughter22.08.190317.09.1965
        111Princess Maria of Greece and DenmarkPrincess Maria of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter03.03.187614.12.1940
        112Anastasia de TorbyAnastasia de TorbyGreat granddaughter09.09.189207.12.1977
        113Princess Nina GeorgievnaPrincess Nina GeorgievnaGreat granddaughter20.06.190127.02.1974
        114Irina Alexandrovna of RussiaIrina Alexandrovna of RussiaGreat granddaughter03.07.189526.02.1970
        115Princess Catherine IvanovnaPrincess Catherine IvanovnaGreat granddaughter25.07.191513.03.2007
        116Grand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGrand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGreat granddaughter18.04.189013.12.1958
        117Cecilie  Mecklenburg Schwerin, DuchessCecilie Mecklenburg Schwerin, DuchessGreat granddaughter20.09.188606.05.1954
        118Empress Alexandra  FeodorovnaEmpress Alexandra FeodorovnaGreat granddaughter06.06.187217.07.1918
        119Елизавета ФёдоровнаЕлизавета ФёдоровнаGreat granddaughter01.11.186418.07.1918
        120князь Николай  Романовкнязь Николай РомановDescendant00.00.192215.09.2014
        121Дмитрий  РомановДмитрий РомановDescendant17.05.192631.12.2016
        122Княгиня Ксения  РомановаКнягиня Ксения РомановаDescendant10.03.191922.10.2000
        123Alexander  Württemberg, DukeAlexander Württemberg, DukeCousin09.09.180404.07.1885
        124Duchess Maria DorotheaDuchess Maria DorotheaCousin01.11.179730.03.1855

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