Aleksandrs Čaks

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Birth Date:
27.10.1901
Death date:
08.02.1950
Person's maiden name:
Aleksandrs Čadarainis
Extra names:
Aleksandrs Čaks, Čadarainis, Александр Чакс, Чак, , Александр Чадарайнис, Aleksandrs Čadarainis
Categories:
Medic, Pedagogue, teacher, Poet, WWI participant, Writer
Nationality:
 latvian
Cemetery:
Rīgas Raiņa kapi

Aleksandrs Čaks (October 27, 1901 – February 8, 1950), born Aleksandrs Čadarainis, was a Latvian poet and writer. Čaks is arguably the first Latvian writer whose works are distinctly urban, compared to usual depictions of country life or small villages in earlier Latvian literature.

He was born in Riga to a tailor's family, and, continuing to live in Riga, he followed the city's life in his poetry. Čaks published his first poetry book, Seši, in 1928, dedicated to Riga and its life. These poems included topics and characters previously not shown in Latvian poetry - the city night life, homeless people, prostitutes, poor suburbs, even the sewers in blockhouses. In his works, Čaks shows his deep love for Riga as it is, which is well seen in the title of a poem, "Heart on the pavement". Riga is not the only subject of his poems, though - Čaks has also written romantic poetry and works dedicated to the Latvian riflemen. Čaks also wrote some short stories, although they are generally not as well known as his poems.

In 1949, with Latvia being a part of the Soviet Union, Čaks was accused of straying from Marxist values and writing politically incorrect works. The accusations weakened Čaks's health, and he died of heart disease on February 8, 1950. Currently, one of the central streets of Riga is named for him. There's also a memorial museum in that street and a statue in nearby Ziedoņdārzs Park.

Bibliography

From the collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, DC:

  • Augstā krasta (1950)
  • Č-a-k-s (2005) 4 volumes; Facsim. reprints. Originally published: Seši, 1928, and Zaļā vārna, 1929.
  • Cīņai un darbam; dzejas (1951)
  • Debesu dāvana: vienas vasaras dzejoļi (1980)
  • Dvēsele kabatā: dzeja (2000) ISBN 9984-05-300-8
  • Dzejas izlase (1996) ISBN 9984-04-410-6
  • Igra zhiznʹi︠u︡ (1970)
  • Izlase (1971) 2 volumes.
  • Kārlis Skalbe: raksti un atmiņas (1999) ISBN 9984-17-597-9
  • Kļava lapa (1969)
  • Kopoti raksti: 6 sējumos (1991–2001) 5 volumes. ISBN 5-7966-0268-3
  • Kremlī pie Ļeņina (1980)
  • Mana mīlestība (1958)
  • Mana paradīze (1951)
  • Mana Rīga: dzejoļi un poēmas (1961)
  • Mūžības skartie (1950)
  • Mūžības skartie: dzejas par latviešu strēlniekiem (1981, 1988) ISBN 5-410-00321-7
  • Patrioti, dzejojumi un dzejoļi (1948)
  • Raksti (1971)
  • Rīga: 30. gadi (1983)
  • Savādais gaidītājs: dzeja un proza (2004) ISBN 9984-05-738-0
  • Selected poems Preface and selection by Arvīds Grigulis; translated by Ruth Speirs. (1979)
  • Spēle ar dzīvību: noveles, stāsti, tēlojumi (2000) ISBN 9984-17-331-3
  • Tikai tevi es mīlējis esmu: dzejoļi (1986)
  • Umurkumurs (1968)
  • Vēlais viesis (2005) ISBN 9984-720-88-8
  • Zelta ielāps: dzejas izlase 1972 (1972)
  • Zem cēlās zvaigznes; dzejoļi un dzejojumi (1948)

Source: wikipedia.org, news.lv, acadlib.lv

Places

Images Title Relation type From To Description Languages
1Rīgas Valsts vācu ģimnāzijaRīgas Valsts vācu ģimnāzijalv
2Piņķu baznīcaPiņķu baznīcalv
3Drabešu muižaDrabešu muižaworklv

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        Relations

        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1
        Jānis ČadarainisFather
        2Anita BērziņaAnita BērziņaWife00.00.191100.00.1999
        3Milda GrīnfeldeMilda GrīnfeldeCivil wife04.10.190928.09.2000

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