Surrender of Japan

Add an event picture!
Persons:
4List of persons
Events:
32List
Places:
1List
Date:
02.09.1945
Additional information

The surrender of the Empire of Japan was announced by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy was incapable of conducting major operations and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent. Together with the United Kingdom and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945—the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction". While publicly stating their intent to fight on to the bitter end, Japan's leaders (the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, also known as the "Big Six") were privately making entreaties to the (technically, though temporarily) neutral Soviet Union to mediate peace on terms more favorable to the Japanese. Meanwhile, the Soviets were preparing to attack Japanese forces in Manchuria and Korea (in addition to southern Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands) in fulfillment of promises they had secretly made to the United States and the United Kingdom at the Tehran and Yalta Conferences.

Japanese Sign Final Surrender 日本の降伏

On August 6, 1945, the United States detonated an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima, at 8:15 AM local time. Sixteen hours later, American President Harry S. Truman called again for Japan's surrender, warning them to "expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Late in the evening of August 8, 1945, in accordance with the Yalta agreements, but in violation of the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, and soon after midnight on August 9, 1945, the Soviet Union invaded the Imperial Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. Later in the day, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb, this time on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. Following these events, Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War to accept the terms the Allies had set down in the Potsdam Declaration for ending the war. After several more days of behind-the-scenes negotiations and a failed coup d'état, Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio address across the Empire on August 15. In the radio address, called the Gyokuon-hōsō ("Jewel Voice Broadcast"), he announced the surrender of Japan to the Allies.

On August 28, the occupation of Japan by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers began. The surrender ceremony was held on September 2, aboard the United States Navy battleship USS Missouri (BB-63), at which officials from the Japanese government signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, thereby ending the hostilities. Allied civilians and military personnel alike celebrated V-J Day, the end of the war; however, some isolated soldiers and personnel from Imperial Japan's far-flung forces throughout Asia and the Pacific islands refused to surrender for months and years afterwards, some even refusing into the 1970s. The role of the atomic bombings in Japan's surrender, and the ethics of the two attacks, is still debated. The state of war formally ended when the Treaty of San Francisco came into force on April 28, 1952. Four more years passed before Japan and the Soviet Union signed the Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956, which formally brought an end to their state of war.

 

Related events

NameDateLanguages
1Japānas imperators Akihito atkāpjas no Japānas troņa pēc 31 gada valdīšanas Japānas imperators Akihito atkāpjas no Japānas troņa pēc 31 gada valdīšanas 30.04.2019lv
2A huge explosion has ripped through a chemical plant in eastern China, killing at least six people and injuring dozensA huge explosion has ripped through a chemical plant in eastern China, killing at least six people and injuring dozens21.03.2019en, lv
3Explosions at US military facility in JapanExplosions at US military facility in Japan24.08.2015en, lv, ru
4Pēc 59 okupācijas gadiem Krievijas armija beidzot pamet pēdējo militāro bāzi LatvijāPēc 59 okupācijas gadiem Krievijas armija beidzot pamet pēdējo militāro bāzi Latvijā23.10.1999lv, ru
5Chernobyl disasterChernobyl disaster26.04.1986en, lv, pl, ru
6W Moskwie Richard Nixon i Leonid Breżniew podpisali układ o ograniczeniu systemów obrony przeciwrakietowej ABM (Traktat ABM)W Moskwie Richard Nixon i Leonid Breżniew podpisali układ o ograniczeniu systemów obrony przeciwrakietowej ABM (Traktat ABM)26.05.1972pl, ru
7Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was found hiding in a Guam jungleJapanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was found hiding in a Guam jungle24.01.1972en
8The Allies proclaimed V-J Day on the day the Japanese unconditional surrender came into effectThe Allies proclaimed V-J Day on the day the Japanese unconditional surrender came into effect15.08.1945en, lv, pl
9Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and NagasakiAtomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki09.08.1945de, en, fr, lv, pl, ua
10Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and NagasakiAtomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki06.08.1945en, lv, pl, ru
11Pirmā kodolieroča testēšanaPirmā kodolieroča testēšana16.07.1945lv, pl
12Otrais Pasaules karš: admirālis Karls Dēnics pavēlēja visām vācu zemūdenēm pārtraukt kaujas operācijas un atgriezties to bāzēsOtrais Pasaules karš: admirālis Karls Dēnics pavēlēja visām vācu zemūdenēm pārtraukt kaujas operācijas un atgriezties to bāzēs05.05.1945lv
13Beidzas Teherānas konferenceBeidzas Teherānas konference01.12.1943lv, pl, ru
14Vācijā izdota pavēle par Latviešu leģiona izveidošanuVācijā izdota pavēle par Latviešu leģiona izveidošanu10.02.1943lv
15Otrais Pasaules karš. Sabiedroto spēki sāk cīņas par Tobruku Ziemeļāfrikā. Tās beidzas ar Sabiedroto uzvaruOtrais Pasaules karš. Sabiedroto spēki sāk cīņas par Tobruku Ziemeļāfrikā. Tās beidzas ar Sabiedroto uzvaru12.11.1942lv, pl
16Operation BarbarossaOperation Barbarossa22.06.1941en, lv, pl, ru
17 Otrais pasaules karš: Berlīnē parakstīts Trīspušu līgums starp Ass valstīm: Vāciju, Itāliju un Japānu Otrais pasaules karš: Berlīnē parakstīts Trīspušu līgums starp Ass valstīm: Vāciju, Itāliju un Japānu27.09.1940lv
18Strādnieku paradīzē: PSRS Augstākā padome izdod lēmumu par pāreju uz 7 dienu astoņu stundu darba dienu. Darba kavējumi vairāk kā par 21 minūti- krimināli sodāmiStrādnieku paradīzē: PSRS Augstākā padome izdod lēmumu par pāreju uz 7 dienu astoņu stundu darba dienu. Darba kavējumi vairāk kā par 21 minūti- krimināli sodāmi26.06.1940lv, ru
19Commissar of Defence of USSR issues secret order to Baltic Fleet to secure occupation of Baltic StatesCommissar of Defence of USSR issues secret order to Baltic Fleet to secure occupation of Baltic States09.06.1940en, lv
20British PM Neville Chamberlain announced 'Britain is at war with Germany' on BBC radioBritish PM Neville Chamberlain announced 'Britain is at war with Germany' on BBC radio03.09.1939en, lv

Map

Sources: wikipedia.org

Places

Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
1Piemineklis 1944. gada Ziemassvētku kauju piemiņai Pienavā Piemineklis 1944. gada Ziemassvētku kauju piemiņai Pienavā lv

    Persons

    Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
    1HirohitoHirohito29.04.190107.01.1989lv, pl, ru
    2Harry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman08.05.188426.12.1972de, en, fr, lt, lv, pl, ru
    3Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin18.12.187805.03.1953de, ee, en, fr, lt, lv, pl, ru, ua
    4Sir Winston ChurchillSir Winston Churchill30.11.187424.01.1965ee, en, lv, pl, ru
    Tags