Russo-Balt begin automobile manufacturing

Add an event picture!
Events:
67List
Date:
27.05.1909
Additional information

Russo-Balt (sometimes Russobalt or Russo-Baltique) was one of the first Russian companies that produced cars between 1909 and 1923.

Russo-Baltic Wagon Corp.

The Russo-Baltic Wagon Factory (German: Russisch-Baltische Waggonfabrik; Russian: Русско-Балтийский вагонный завод, RBVZ) was founded in 1874 in Riga, then a major industrial centre of Russian Empire. Originally the new company was a subsidiary of the Van der Zypen & Charlier company in Cologne-Deutz, Germany. In 1894 the majority of its shares were sold to investors in Riga and St. Petersburg, among them local Baltic German merchants F. Meyer, K. Amelung, and Chr. Schroeder, as well as Schaje Berlin, a relative of Isaiah Berlin. The company eventually grew to 3,800 employees. In 1915 the factory was evacuated to Russia.

Automobile manufacturing

Between 1909 and 1915 the cars were built at the railway car factory RBVZ. After the 1917 revolution a second factory was opened in St. Petersburg, where they built armoured cars on chassis produced in Riga. In 1922, the production was moved from St. Petersburg to BTAZ in Moscow. Russo-Balt produced trucks, buses and cars, often more or less copies of cars from the German Rex-Simplex or Belgian Fondu Trucks.

Only two original cars have survived to the present day. One is a Russo-Balt fire engine built on truck chassis Type D in year 1912. Car is on display at the Riga Motor Museum in Latvia. Another one is Russo-Balt K12/20 from 1911, is shown at the Polytechnical Museum in Moscow, Russia.

Today in Riga, Latvia, there is a company named Russo-Balt that manufactures trailers.

Cars
  • 24-30 (1909)
  • Type C (1909)
    • C24-30 (1909)
      • C24-30 Faeton (≥ 1909)
      • Landole C24-30 (1909)
    • C24-40 (1913)
    • C24-50 (1909/'10/'1/'2)
    • C24-58 (1909/'10/'1/'2/'3)
  • Type K (1909)
    • K12-20 (1909)
  • Type E (1914)
  • Impression (2006)
Military vehicles
  • Type C (1912) (based on normal model)
  • Blinded versions of different models (1914)
Trucks
  • Type D (1912)
  • Type M (1913)
  • Type T (1913)

Airplane manufacturing

In early 1912 company director M. V. Shidlovsky hired 22-year-old Igor Sikorsky as the chief engineer for RBVZ's new aircraft division in St. Petersburg. Sikorsky's airplane had recently won a military aircraft competition in Moscow. He brought several engineers with him to RBVZ, and agreed that the company would own his designs for the next five years.

This group quickly produced a series of airplanes. Among these were the S-5, S-7, S-9, S-10 (1913), S-11, S-12, S-16 (1915), S-20 (1916), Russky Vityaz (The Grand) (1913), a series named Il'ya Muromets starting in 1913, and the Alexander Nevsky (1916).

Relatedly, in 1914, Shidlovsky was appointed commander of the newly formed EVK (Eskadra vozdushnykh korablei, Squadron of Flying Ships). This squadron flew Il'ya Muromets bombers during World War I.

The Bolshevik Revolution brought an end to the aircraft business. Sikorsky left for France in 1918. Shidlovsky and his son were arrested in 1919, while attempting to go to Finland, and were murdered.

Concept car

The brand "Руссо-Балт" was resurrected in 2006 by a group of German and Russian investors to propose a luxury concept car, the Russo-Baltique Impression, billed as a coupé with strong hints of European styling of the early 1930s. The car uses mechanical parts of Mercedes origin (Mercedes CL63 AMG), was first introduced at the 2006 Concours d'Elegance.

The car will be produced by the German company Gerg GmbH (or perhaps Russo-Baltique Engineering GmbH). Total production of 10 to 15 cars maximum is expected, with a production rate of 2 to 3 cars a year. The selling price would be around 50,000,000 rubles or 1,800,000 US dollars.

Related events

NameDateLanguages
1Russia's newest Su-57 fighter crashed during a test flight in the far eastern Khabarovsk regionRussia's newest Su-57 fighter crashed during a test flight in the far eastern Khabarovsk region24.12.2019en, lv, ru
2Krasnodaras novadā, Krievijā avarējis militārais helikopters MI-28. Abi piloti gājuši bojāKrasnodaras novadā, Krievijā avarējis militārais helikopters MI-28. Abi piloti gājuši bojā11.12.2019lv, ru
3Kongo prezidenta lidmašīnas AN-72 katastrofaKongo prezidenta lidmašīnas AN-72 katastrofa11.10.2019lv, ru
4Stavropoles novadā, Krievijā nokritusi militārā lidmašīna SU-25UB. Abi piloti katapultējušies, taču atrasti mirušiStavropoles novadā, Krievijā nokritusi militārā lidmašīna SU-25UB. Abi piloti katapultējušies, taču atrasti miruši03.09.2019lv, ru
5Japānas imperators Akihito atkāpjas no Japānas troņa pēc 31 gada valdīšanas Japānas imperators Akihito atkāpjas no Japānas troņa pēc 31 gada valdīšanas 30.04.2019lv
6Utair jet flight UT579, catches fire after landing at Sochi, RussiaUtair jet flight UT579, catches fire after landing at Sochi, Russia01.09.2018en, lv
7Sīrijā avarējis krievu iznīcinātājs Su-30CM, abi piloti gājuši bojāSīrijā avarējis krievu iznīcinātājs Su-30CM, abi piloti gājuši bojā03.05.2018lv, ru
8Polijā avarē ultraviegla Latvijā reģistrēta lidmašīna. Pilots un viņa pasažieris, 16 gadus vecais dēls- gājuši bojāPolijā avarē ultraviegla Latvijā reģistrēta lidmašīna. Pilots un viņa pasažieris, 16 gadus vecais dēls- gājuši bojā21.07.2017lv
9Helicopter crash in eastern Turkey, all 12 passengers & crew found dead at siteHelicopter crash in eastern Turkey, all 12 passengers & crew found dead at site18.04.2017en, lv
10LaMia Airlines Flight 2933 crashLaMia Airlines Flight 2933 crash29.11.2016de, en, fr, lv, pl, ru
11Šveicē tiek aklāts pasaulē garākais dzelzceļa tunelisŠveicē tiek aklāts pasaulē garākais dzelzceļa tunelis01.06.2016lv
12RAF izgatavo PSRS uz ūdeņradi strādājošo mikroautobusu uz RAF-2203 bāzesRAF izgatavo PSRS uz ūdeņradi strādājošo mikroautobusu uz RAF-2203 bāzes20.11.1982lv
13Sāk raidīt MTVSāk raidīt MTV01.08.1981lv, pl
14US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggageUS airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggage05.02.1972en, lv
15RAF uzsāk 10 vietīga mikroautobusa RAF-10 "Festivāls" ražošanuRAF uzsāk 10 vietīga mikroautobusa RAF-10 "Festivāls" ražošanu20.11.1958lv
16Pirmo reizi ēterā iziet Latvijas Televīzijas raidījums “Panorāma”Pirmo reizi ēterā iziet Latvijas Televīzijas raidījums “Panorāma”19.03.1958lv
17Kalifornijā firma Ampex demonstrē pirmo lenšu videomagnetofonuKalifornijā firma Ampex demonstrē pirmo lenšu videomagnetofonu14.04.1956lv, pl, ru
18Spilves lidostā notiek pirmais lidmašīnas VEF JDA-10M izmēģinājuma lidojumsSpilves lidostā notiek pirmais lidmašīnas VEF JDA-10M izmēģinājuma lidojums04.09.1939lv
19Gustava Ērenpreisa velosipēdu fabrikas galvenā korpusa iesvētīšana Gustava Ērenpreisa velosipēdu fabrikas galvenā korpusa iesvētīšana 10.12.1938lv
20The first TV demonstration in LatviaThe first TV demonstration in Latvia10.11.1937en, lv

Map

Sources: wikipedia.org, news.lv

No places assigned

    No persons assigned

    Tags