Latvia Independence battles. Victory over the West Russian Volunteer Army in Riga

Add an event picture!
Persons:
299List of persons
Events:
92List
Monuments:
1List
Places:
1List
Cemeteries:
1List
Date:
11.11.1919
Additional information

On November 11 every year, Latvia lights up numerous candles to commemorate the Latvian army's victory over the West Russian Volunteer Army led by general Pavel Bermont-Avalov on November 11, 1919. On this day Latvia honours Latvian Freedom Fighters.

The Latvian War of Independence, sometimes called the Latvian War of Liberation was a series of military conflicts in Latvia between 5 December 1918, after the Republic of Latvia proclaimed its independence in 18.11.1918, and the signing of the Treaty of Riga between the Republic of Latvia and the Russian SFSR on August 11, 1920.

The war involved Latvia (its provisional government was supported by Estonia,Poland, and the Western Allies, particularly the United Kingdom) against the Russian SFSR and the Bolsheviks' short-lived Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic. 

Germany and the Baltic nobility added a new level of intrigue, initially being nominally allied to the Nationalist/Allied force, but attempting to jockey for German domination of Latvia. Eventually, the tensions flared up after a German coup against the Latvian government and led to open war.

Following a ceasefire, the Germans developed a ploy, nominally dissolving into the West Russian Volunteer Army led by general Pavel Bermont-Avalov. The West Russian Volunteer Army included Germans and former Russian prisoners of war nominally allied with the White Army in the Russian Civil War, but both Bermondt-Avalov and von der Goltz were more interested in eliminating the nationalists than fighting the Bolsheviks. Certain episodes of the Latvian Independence War are therefore also considered by Polish historians to be a part of the Polish-Soviet War(particularly the Battle of Daugavpils).

  • 18 November: Republic of Latvia is proclaimed in Riga.
  • 28 November: The Regency Council of the United Baltic Duchy dissolved.
  • 1 December: The Red Army invades Latvia.
  • 17 December: The government of Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic, headed by Pēteris Stučka, is formed in Russia.

1919

  • 5 January: The first armed unit of Latvia, 1st Latvian Independent Battalion, under command of Oskars Kalpaks is formed. The provisional government retreats from Jelgava to Liepāja.
  • 31 January: Most of Latvia is under the control of the Red Army, the Latvian government and German forces control the neighbourhood of Liepāja.
  • 18 February: Agreement is signed between Estonia and Latvia, starting formation of North Latvian Brigade led by Jorģis Zemitāns on Estonian territory.
  • 3 March: United German and Latvian forces commence counterattack against the forces of Soviet Latvia.
  • 6 March: Oskars Kalpaks, commander of all Latvian forces subordinated to German Headquarters falls from German friendly fire. He is replaced by Jānis Balodis.
  • 10 March: Saldus comes under Latvian control.
  • 21 March: 1st Latvian Independent Battalion is reformed into the Latvian Independent Brigade.
  • 16 April: The puppet Latvian Government established by the Baltic nobility[12] organises acoup d'etat in Liepāja, the provisional national government of Latvia takes refuge aboard steamship Saratow.
  • 16 May: Estonian Army starts major offensive against Soviets in North-Latvia.
  • 22 May: The Baltische Landeswehr captures Riga.
  • 23 May: The Latvian Independent Brigade marches into Riga.
  • 3 June: The Baltische Landeswehr reaches Cēsis.
  • 6 June: The Landeswehr's North Latvian campaign begins, commanded by Major Alfred Fletcher and opposed by the Estonian 3rd Division commanded by General Ernst Põdderincluding the 2nd Latvian Cēsis regiment of North Latvian Brigade.
  • 23 June: The Estonian force defeats the Landeswehr.
  • 3 July: Estonia, Latvia and the pro-German Provisional Government of Latvia sign the Ceasefire of Strazdumuiža.
  • 6 July: The North Latvian Brigade enters Riga.
  • 5 October: The German mission secretly leaves Riga for Jelgava, where an attack is prepared by the German-established West Russian Volunteer Army on Riga.
  • 8 October: The West Russian Volunteer Army attacks Riga, taking the Pārdaugava district.
  • 3 November: The Latvian Army supported by the Estonian armoured trains and the Royal Navy launches its counterattack.
  • 11 November: The Latvian Army supported by the Estonian armoured trains and the Royal Navy defeats the West Russian Volunteer Army in Riga.

Bermontiāde

  • 22 November: The Lithuanian Army defeats the remnants of West Russian Volunteer Army in Lithuania near Radviliškis.
  • 25 November: Due Germany declares West Russian Volunteer Army as its military forces, Latvia declares war to Germany (Weimar Republic at this moment) and in state of war is untill 15/7/1920
  • 3 December Latvian government declares end of any offensive actions against  West Russian Volunteer Army in Lithuania

Video: 2 hours of names of those fallen in Latvia Independence War

Latvijas Brīvības cīņās 1918. - 1920.gadā kritušie karavīri

1920

  • 3 January: United forces of Latvia and Poland launch attack on Bolsheviks in Latgale and take Daugavpils.
  • 13 January: Government of the Latvian SSR resigns.
  • 1 February: Latvia signs ceasefire with Russia.
  • 17–18 April: Election of Constitutional Assembly of Latvia.
  • 1 May: First session of Constitutional Assembly.
  • 15 July: Latvia signs ceasefire with Germany.
  • 11 August: Latvian-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty is signed.

Dok. filma “Lāčplēša svētki Rīgā”, 1922. gads.  (fragmenti)

Related events

NameDateLanguages
1Latvija pievienojas NATOLatvija pievienojas NATO29.03.2004lv, pl, ru
2Atklāj tēlnieka Andreja Jansona atjaunoto, pieminekli "Lāčplēša cīņa ar Melno bruņinieku un Sarkano pūķi".Atklāj tēlnieka Andreja Jansona atjaunoto, pieminekli "Lāčplēša cīņa ar Melno bruņinieku un Sarkano pūķi".21.11.1992lv
3Soviet coup d'état attemptSoviet coup d'état attempt19.08.1991de, ee, en, fr, lt, lv, pl, ru, ua
4Tiek atjaunota Igaunijas Republikas neatkarībaTiek atjaunota Igaunijas Republikas neatkarība08.05.1990lv
5Restoration of Independence of the Republic of LatviaRestoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia04.05.1990en, lv, pl
6Notika jaunuzceltā Vanšu tilta pārbaude RīgāNotika jaunuzceltā Vanšu tilta pārbaude Rīgā11.07.1981lv
7Rīgai pievieno jaunas teritorijas. Tā iegūst mūsdienu robežasRīgai pievieno jaunas teritorijas. Tā iegūst mūsdienu robežas16.08.1974lv
8Vācijas okupācijas spēkus Rīgā bez cīņas nomaina PSRS okupācijas spēki un paliek 50 gadusVācijas okupācijas spēkus Rīgā bez cīņas nomaina PSRS okupācijas spēki un paliek 50 gadus13.10.1944lv, pl, ru
9Huta Pieniacka massacreHuta Pieniacka massacre28.02.1944en, pl, ru
10Beidzas Teherānas konferenceBeidzas Teherānas konference01.12.1943lv, pl, ru
11Kauja par Angliju: 684 nogalināti un 2364 ievainoti  pēc Luftwaffe divu nakšu uzlidojumiem Mančesterai (22/23 un 23/24)Kauja par Angliju: 684 nogalināti un 2364 ievainoti pēc Luftwaffe divu nakšu uzlidojumiem Mančesterai (22/23 un 23/24)22.12.1940lv, pl
12Pamatakmens ielikšana viesnīcai "Cēsis"Pamatakmens ielikšana viesnīcai "Cēsis"25.09.1939lv
13Latvijas valdība izsludina ideju konkursu Uzvaras laukumamLatvijas valdība izsludina ideju konkursu Uzvaras laukumam10.06.1938lv
14Tiek parakstīts Latvijas—Krievijas miera līgumsTiek parakstīts Latvijas—Krievijas miera līgums11.08.1920lv
15Brīvības cīņas: Latvijas armija atbrīvo Zilupi no Krievijas lielinieku iebrucējiemBrīvības cīņas: Latvijas armija atbrīvo Zilupi no Krievijas lielinieku iebrucējiem30.01.1920lv, ru
16Abrenes kaujaAbrenes kauja12.01.1920lv
17Bermontiādes noslēgums: Pavēle par tālāku krievu- vācu algotņu vajāšanas pārtraukšanuBermontiādes noslēgums: Pavēle par tālāku krievu- vācu algotņu vajāšanas pārtraukšanu03.12.1919lv
18Bermontiāde: Antantes pārstāvji cenšas apturēt latviešu atbrīvošanās cīņasBermontiāde: Antantes pārstāvji cenšas apturēt latviešu atbrīvošanās cīņas30.11.1919lv
19Latvian War of independence. Latvia declares war to GermanyLatvian War of independence. Latvia declares war to Germany25.11.1919en, lv
20Bermontiāde: Latviešu karavīri atbrīvo Tukumu no vācu-krievu algotņu karaspēkaBermontiāde: Latviešu karavīri atbrīvo Tukumu no vācu-krievu algotņu karaspēka22.11.1919lv

Map

Sources: wikipedia.org, news.lv, calend.ru

Places

Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
1
Rīga, Dzegužkalnslv

    Persons

    Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
    1Aleksandrs RācenisAleksandrs Rācenis18.10.192014.04.1984lv
    2
    Leo Vīksne10.05.190706.11.1983lv
    3Rūdolfs BringaRūdolfs Bringa24.05.190502.10.1954lv
    4Fricis BrikmanisFricis Brikmanis08.02.190525.01.1945lv
    5Artūrs Valdemārs LiepiņšArtūrs Valdemārs Liepiņš21.04.190425.02.1985lv
    6Alfrēds VeissAlfrēds Veiss17.05.190322.03.1920lv
    7Nikolajs Āboliņš-ĀboltiņšNikolajs Āboliņš-Āboltiņš20.03.190218.08.1973lv
    8Jānis TidriķisJānis Tidriķis23.02.190203.01.1920lv
    9Otto LapiņšOtto Lapiņš23.01.190226.03.1961lv
    10Kārlis LācītisKārlis Lācītis10.11.190125.06.1940lv
    11Nikolajs PūliņšNikolajs Pūliņš14.09.190123.03.1979lv
    12Leopolds BlausLeopolds Blaus03.09.190121.03.1943lv
    13Kārlis OzoliņšKārlis Ozoliņš20.08.190128.06.1929lv
    14Nikolaj OshinshNikolaj Oshinsh05.08.190116.10.1941en, lv, ru
    15Konstantīns  ČaksteKonstantīns Čakste26.07.190121.02.1945lv
    16Mārtiņš Briedītis-BriedisMārtiņš Briedītis-Briedis10.06.1901lv
    17Kārlis UpenieksKārlis Upenieks03.06.190100.00.1943lv
    18Jūlijs AuseklisJūlijs Auseklis19.10.190010.02.1976lv
    19Kārlis AuziņšKārlis Auziņš05.09.190006.07.1946lv
    20Otto PalmsOtto Palms30.08.190018.11.1919lv

    Monuments

    Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
    1Piemineklis 1919. gada cīņās pret Bermontu kritušajiem karavīriemPiemineklis 1919. gada cīņās pret Bermontu kritušajiem karavīriemen

    Cemeteries

    Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
    1Cenas (Cenu) kapiCenas (Cenu) kapilv
    Tags