Kiev, Baikove Cemetery
Baikove Cemetery (Ukrainian: Байкове кладовище) is a famous and historic cemetery in Holosiiv Raion of Kiev, Ukraine. It is a National Historic Landmark of Ukraine. It was established in 1833. Several famous Ukrainians have been buried here, among others: Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, Lesya Ukrainka, Volodymyr Shcherbytsky andValeri Lobanovsky.
The cemetery was established in 1833. It has got its name from the nearby Baikovo estate. The oldest part of the cemetery is located south of the present vul. Baikova. The biggest part is located north of the street and was established in the 1880s. It is partly surrounded by a wall. Besides the Orthodox graves there are also Catholic and Lutheran sections.
In Soviet times the Baikove cemetery became the main necropolis of the Kiev'sintelligentsia, middle and upper classes. Many of the headstones became pieces of monumental art. Also after the Ukrainian independence the cemetery has remained the most prestigious burial ground in the city.
An Orthodox Church (Ascension of the Lord) in Byzantine style was built at the cemetery in 1884–1889. It was built on the proceeds from the sale of burial places. During the Soviet times it was preserved as a memorial hall for funeral ceremonies. Today it is again used as a church. In 1975 a new crematorium in modern style was built in the western part of the cemetery.
Sources: wikipedia.org, wikimapia.org