Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr

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Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr.
Barnstable, Joe Cronin's Grave


Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. 

(September 6, 1888 – November 18, 1969) was a prominent American businessman, investor, and government official.

Kennedy, an Irish American, was the father of 

U.S. President John F. Kennedy,

United States Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy,

United States Senator Edward M. Kennedy,

naval officer Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., 

Special Olympics co-founder Eunice Kennedy Shriver, and

former U.S.Ambassador to Ireland Jean Kennedy Smith; and

the grandfather of

U.S. Representatives Joseph P. Kennedy II and Patrick J. Kennedy.

He was a leading member of the Democratic Party and of the Irish Catholic community.

He was the inaugural Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR), and later directed the Maritime Commission. Kennedy served as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1938 until late 1940, including the early part of World War II.

Born to a political family in Boston, Massachusetts, Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. was educated at Boston Latin School and Harvard University, and embarked on a career in finance, making a large fortune as a stock market and commodity investor and by investing in real estate and a wide range of industries. At the repeal of Prohibition, Kennedy and FDR's son James Roosevelt traveled to Scotland to buy distribution rights for Scotch whiskey. In addition, Kennedy had purchased spirits-importation rights from Schenley Industries, a firm in Canada.

During World War I, he was an assistant general manager of Bethlehem Steel and developed a friendship with Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Kennedy made huge profits from reorganizing and refinancing several Hollywood studios, ultimately merging several acquisitions into Radio-Keith-Orpheum (RKO) studios. After Prohibition ended in 1933, Kennedy consolidated an even larger fortune when his company, Somerset Importers, became the exclusive American agent for Gordon's Gin and Dewar's Scotch. He owned the largest office building in the country, Chicago'sMerchandise Mart, giving his family an important base in that city and an alliance with the Irish-American political leadership there.

His term as ambassador and his political ambitions ended abruptly during the Battle of Britain in November 1940, with the publishing of his controversial remarks suggesting that "Democracy is finished in England. It may be here, [in the US]." Kennedy resigned under pressure shortly afterwards.

In later years, Kennedy worked behind the scenes to continue building the financial and political fortunes of the Kennedy family. After a disabling stroke on December 19, 1961, at the age of 73, Kennedy lost all power of speech, but remained mentally intact. He used a wheelchair after the stroke. Kennedy was one of three fathers (the other two being Dr. George Tryon Harding, Sr. and George H. W. Bush) to live through the entire presidency of a son. He died on November 18, 1969, two months after his 81st birthday.

Kennedy allowed surgeons to perform a lobotomy (one of the earliest in the U.S.) on his daughter Rosemary Kennedy in 1941. Various reasons for the operation have been given, but it left her permanently incapacitated.






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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1John Fitzgerald  KennedyJohn Fitzgerald KennedySon29.05.191722.11.1963
        2Robert KennedyRobert KennedySon20.11.192506.06.1968
        3Joe Kennedy, Jr.Joe Kennedy, Jr.Son25.07.191512.08.1944
        4Edward Moore KennedyEdward Moore KennedySon22.02.193225.08.2009
        5Eunice  Kennedy ShriverEunice Kennedy ShriverDaughter10.07.192111.08.2009
        6Patricia  KennedyPatricia KennedyDaughter06.05.192417.09.2006
        7Rosemary KennedyRosemary KennedyDaughter13.09.191807.01.2005
        8Kathleen KennedyKathleen KennedyDaughter20.02.192013.05.1948
        9Rose KennedyRose KennedyWife22.07.189022.01.1995
        10Питер ЛоуфордПитер ЛоуфордSon in-law07.09.192324.12.1984
        11Robert Sargent ShriverRobert Sargent ShriverSon in-law09.11.191518.01.2011
        12Jacqueline Kennedy OnassisJacqueline Kennedy OnassisDaughter in-law28.07.192919.05.1994
        13Ethel KennedyEthel KennedyDaughter in-law11.04.1928
        14John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr.John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr.Grandson25.11.196016.07.1999
        15Gloria SwansonGloria SwansonCivil wife27.03.189904.04.1983
        16Saoirse  Kennedy HillSaoirse Kennedy HillGreat granddaughter00.00.199901.08.2019

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